Thursday, 26 April 2012

Games - Icebreakers -8


Likes and dislikes:

Each player is given a sheet of paper.... on which he writes his name.... followed by a list of five likes and dislikes.

This may cover his taste in sports, fashion, politics, food, personalities.

The leader collects the papers and reads them aloud one at a time without revealing the player's name.

Participants try to figure out who wrote each set of likes and dislikes before the leader tells the name.

The game continues until all the lists are read out.

There are no winners in this game, what is most enjoyable about is that everyone comes to know each other in a better way.

Games - Icebreakers -7


What is my name?:

The names of famous men and women are printed on small slips of paper, and one of these slips is pinned to the back of each person entering the room.

The players are not told the names. 

To determine his famous identity, each player circulates around the room, letting other players read the name on his back.

He may then ask questions that will be answered only by a yes or No by asking general questions.... - am I alive ?... am I a man ?

The player gathers information to rake a guess at the name. 

When guesses correctly, he may continue to play by answering the questions of other players until all of the guests guess their identities.

Games - Icebreakers -6


Mystery name:

As guests assemble, have each prepare a name tag to wear in plain sight.

Divide groups into teams and give each team five slips of paper on which are written, in jumbled (confused) form, the names of five of the guests present.

At the signal to go, players rush around trying to figure out what the jumbled names are.

By looking at the name tags of other players they may be able to figure them out faster.

As soon as a team has five names correctly, the game is over.

Wednesday, 25 April 2012

Games - Icebreakers -5


Learning names while introducing:

The first person begins introducing himself 
              like this: I am Arun; I come from Udupi; 
                            my hobbies are fishing, stamp collection;

The second person first tells the name of the first person 
                  and then introduces himself.

             Like this: you are Arun; I am Arathi.

The rest continues likewise each 
     calling the names of the other in order 
            and finally introducing themselves.

Games - Icebreakers -4


Round table introduction:

From two circles facing each other the inner circle 

                           moves in clockwise 

                                   and outer circle moves in anti-clockwise.

The music is played.... 
when it stops....
they got to introduce each other who comes face to face.

Games - Icebreakers -3


Meet the press:

The participants are form pairs with members they do not know.

The pairs will interview each other for ten minutes.

The interviewer may ask any questions.

After 20 minutes the group reforms 
           and each member introduces his partner to the group 
                      starting anything he feels important.

Games - Icebreakers -2


Family Game:

Each participant is given a slip of paper 
                         with names of a member of a family  
                         e.g. Mr. Ram; Mrs. Ram; sister Ram; little Ram etc.

Each one goes to find out his family.

Once they find out they introduce themselves.

Games - Icebreakers - 1


Sinking ship:

All are moving in the hall.... Music is played....

When the music stops 
                    the leader calls out 'rafts available for two only',  

                        so all form pairs and introduces themselves 

                again the music is played....

     ....stops...calls out rafts available for 3,4,6 etc.

Tuesday, 24 April 2012

Body Language


Gesture: Brisk, erect walk
Meaning: Confidence
Gesture: Standing with hands on hips
Meaning: Readiness, aggression
Gesture: Sitting with legs crossed, foot kicking slightly
Meaning: Boredom
Gesture: Sitting, legs apart
Meaning: Open, relaxed
Gesture: Arms crossed on chest
Meaning: Defensiveness
Gesture: Walking with hands in pockets, shoulders hunched
Meaning: Dejection
Gesture: Hand to cheek
Meaning: Evaluation, thinking
Gesture: Touching, slightly rubbing nose
Meaning: Rejection, doubt, lying
Gesture: Rubbing the eye
Meaning: Doubt, disbelief
Gesture: Hands clasped behind back
Meaning: Anger, frustration, apprehension
Gesture: Locked ankles
Meaning: Apprehension
Gesture: Head resting in hand, eyes downcast
Meaning: Boredom
Gesture: Rubbing hands
Meaning: Anticipation
Gesture: Sitting with hands clasped behind head, legs crossed
Meaning: Confidence, superiority
Gesture: Open palm
Meaning: Sincerity, openness, innocence
Gesture: Pinching bridge of nose, eyes closed
Meaning: Negative evaluation
Gesture: Tapping or drumming fingers
Meaning: Impatience
Gesture: Steepling fingers
Meaning: Authoritative
Gesture: Patting/fondling hair
Meaning: Lack of self-confidence; insecurity
Gesture: Quickly tilted head
Meaning: Interest
Gesture: Stroking chin
Meaning: Trying to make a decision
Gesture: Looking down, face turned away
Meaning: Disbelief
Gesture: Biting nails
Meaning: Insecurity, nervousness
Gesture: Pulling or tugging at ear
Meaning: Indecision
Gesture: Prolonged tilted head
Meaning: Boredom

Dance Therapy

Dance Therapy is the therapeutic use of movement, to improve the physical and mental well being of a person. The basic focus is on the connection between the mind and the body, to promote health and heeling. Thus dance therapy will be the use of choreographed of improvised movement, as a way of treating social, emotional, cognitive and physical problems. Dance therapy harnesses the power of movement in a therapeutic setting, and uses it to promote personal growth and well-being. It works on a basic belief that mind and body are inter related and work together. The mental and emotion problems are often held in the body in the form of muscle tension and constrain movement patterns and this state of body can further affect the attitude, feelings, and emotions both positively and negatively.

The benefits of dance as a therapy might be grouped as physical, emotional, mental, or cognitive and social level.

Physical Level: - On a physical level, dance therapy provides the benefits of exercise i.e. improved health, well-being, co-ordination and muscle tone. The total body movement enhances the functions of other body systems such as circulatory, respiratory, skeletal and muscular. It will help in enjoying the pleasure of creating rhythmic motions within the body, which in turn ease muscular rigidity, diminish anxiety and increase energy. It will also help to improve the neuromuscular skills, which involves largely balance and co-ordination of the body.

Emotional Level: - It helps to feel more joyful and confidant and would help to express feeling such as anger and frustration. It is a non-verbal way of communicating feelings or emotions. The basic idea is to relive the specific emotion and hence release or channelize them so as to get relieved of anxiety and depression.

Mental Level: - It seeks to enhance cognitive skills, motivation and memory. It helps in particularly free and vital opportunity for creating self-expression, in turn helping to improve body image, self-esteem, and attentiveness and communicating skills. It will encourage creative self-expression and will open up new ways for a creative mind.

Social Level: - It helps in bring people out of isolation, creating powerful social and emotional bonds and generates the good feelings that come from being with other. Especially in choreography, it involves with others because in any choreography you have essentially to work along with 2 or more numbers of people. Thus you help to achieve interpersonal interaction, which is an effective outlet for communicating feelings.

Relaxation Therapy


Relaxation is a behavior therapy technique wherein clients are taught to keep their body and mind calm, as a result of which they will be able to handle situations more effectively.
Relaxation programme aims at teaching the client methods to produce the basic relaxation response so that he can eliminate tension from his body and feel a deep sense of relaxation.

The Jacobson procedure
Lie down on your back with palms facing upwards, as comfortably as possible.  Close your eyes gently.  Try to concentrate completely on what you are going to do, so that you can feel the difference between tension and relaxation and thus enjoy the comfort of being relaxed.

1.       Tightly clench your right fist.  Fell the tension.  Feel how uncomfortable it is when you are tensed.  Slowly relax your fingers.  Relax them completely and feel the difference.  Feel how comfortable it is when you are relaxed.  Enjoy the feeling of being relaxed.
2.      Repeat the same with the left fist.
3.      Do the same with both fists.
4.      Clench both fists.  Touch your shoulders with your fist without raising your arms from the floor relax.
5.      Press the side of your body with your open palms (Fingers open)
6.      Touch the side of your body with your open palms and push your shoulders downwards.
7.      Touch the sides of your body with your open palms and push your shoulder upwards towards your ears.
8.      Raise your eyebrows with your eyes closed gently
9.      Knit your eyebrows
10.   Press your yields harder
11.    Press the upper part of the mouth with your tongue.
12.   Clench your teeth as hard as possible
13.   Press your upper lip on your lower lip.
14.   Raise your head off the ground and touch your chest with your chin, turn your head to the right, then to the left slowly to the center then slowly relax.
15.   Raise your chin upwards as much as possible.
16.   Bring your shoulders as close as possible, by keeping your arms on the ground.
17.   Press your shoulders to the ground so that your chest expands.
18.   Push your stomach as far inward as possible.
19.   Push your stomach as far outward as possible.
20.  Keep your head, arms, waist, legs and feet on the ground and raise just your back off the ground.
21.   Tighten your thigh muscles.
22.  Bring your feet closer and push them as far inward as possible towards your face without raising your legs.
23.  Bring your feet closer and push them as far outward as possible
24.  Now slowly take a deep breath and hold it for few seconds, then slowly breathe out.

Start breathing slowly.
Now right from your head to toe, each part of your body is relaxed and is as light as feather.  Likewise your mind is also calm and comfortable.  Enjoy the comfort of being relaxed.
Relax…  Relax …
Be in that relaxed state for five minutes, each minute enjoying the state of being relaxed.
Then slowly count 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, and slowly open your eyes.  Slowly turn to your right and lie down and then slowly get up and sit down feeling light and relaxed, both in mind and body.
An addict is just like a traveler who has forgotten to remove the rope of a boat.  One day evening, when he was traveling from the town to his home he was supposed to cross a small river.  In fact there were no bridge has been made but there were one boat which used to transfer the people from one side to the opposite side of the river.  The passenger had got into the boat and he started to swim.
But the boat was not moving forward.  Passenger could not understand the reason why the boat is not moving.  Finally he understood the mistake that he hasn’t removed the rope of the boat which is tied up in the battle.
Addicted peoples also like this only.  They cannot understand that they (their life) have been tied up with some of the bad habits.  So their life also is being stroked   somewhere in the journey.  Never would they achieve the aim of their life unless and until somebody is giving a helping hand to make them aware about their bad habits.

Addiction Counselling


Counselors and therapists who provide treatment for addicted individuals and their families need special training in behavioral treatments for addiction.  Counselors and therapists teach their addicted patients about addiction, encourage them to make changes in their lives, praise them when they make progress and support them when they run into problems.

12 Steps of Recovery


Twelve steps are the basic steps which can help addicts to recover from the addiction.  It is found by Dr. Bob and Bill.  These are the backbone of the Alcohol Anonymous groups.

1.  We admitted we are powerless over substances abuse that our lines had become unmanageable:

The first step of the recovery is to admit ourselves that I am an unmanageable person.  My life became unmanageable because of my bad habits.  Bad habit means mainly addiction only.  I am powerless over substance abuse all the time

Action: - In what are all the areas my life have become unmanageable.  Make a short list of it.

2.      Came to believe that a power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity:

In the second step we are coming to know that as we are helpless in our life itself we are seeking for some help.  A power greater than ourselves is there to help us.  This belief leads us to think positively.  That help can lead back us to the normal stage. 
Those who are ready to help whether it may be our family or some good friends can be great help.  So the supreme power can help us through our dear ones.

Action: -
Who all are ready to help us in our life?
Write down the name of the person who is helping you most.

3.      Made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God as we understood him:

We should make a decision to turn to the Lord and knowing the plans of the Gods about ourselves.  Same time our life can give to Gods under his care and love.  Because we already understood that the God only can help us and lead us to the positivism.

Are you thinking that we have understood the God? Then what is his plan about me?

4.      Made a fearless and moral inventory of ourselves:

The fourth step says to have a counter check about ourselves.  Have an inner checkup about our own strengths and values.  Try to find our own moral values and good qualities and abilities.  By doing this we will be able to understand about our own strengths and goodness.  That will make us to have a positive think as well as motivate us to identify that we are also a good human being.

Make a list of our personal strengths, talents and skills.

5.      Admitted to God, to us, and to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs:

Regarding an addict he won’t be feeling to display thee exact nature of their wrongs because of guilty or shame. In fact he has to open up to God and to others about his   real problems.

Make a short list about the persons which we had harmed and about our wrongs.
6.      Were entirely ready to have God remove all these defects of character:

In the sixth step says about receiving the God to our life so that we will be able to find out our defects and failures.
As we are aware of our defects God is ready to help us all the time. But are willingness is an important aspect for the change. To have a change is an unavoidable factor in recovery so humbly we are waiting for help from god and others to remove our problems.

Counter check and make up the mind to receive help from help from higher power.           

7.       Humbly asked Him to remove our shortcomings:

It is an important thing to ask for the help. Some people may be thinking that why god cannot understand my problems and help me. But willingness to have a change and ready to ask for the help will lead as to the recovery.

Are we ready to ask god for help?

8.      Made a list of all persons we had harmed, and became willing to make amends to them all:

When we decided to change ourselves with the help of God, to have change we can make a list the people who we have harmed. Not only doing that should ask pardon to them also.

       Action: - Make the list of the people whom we have to make amends.

9.      Made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when to do so would injure them or others:

Make our mind ready to do the amends to others.  Instead of telling sorry doing is important.

Action:- Start doing the amends.

10.   Continued to take personal inventory and when we were wrong promptly admitted it:

Though we had the personal evaluation of our faults, we need to do it in regular basis.

Action: - Are we ready to have a regular check up about our mistakes 

11.    Sought through prayer and meditation to improve our conscious contact with God, as we understood Him, praying only for the knowledge of His will for us and the power to carry that out:

Still, after following the above steps we have to keep on praying to the Lord for the help to be in sobriety.

Action: - Take a decision that we will be continuing in the sobriety.

12.    Having had a spiritual awakening as a result of these steps, we try to carry this message to all addicts, and to practice these principles in all our affairs:

Practicing the steps is an important one.

Action:- Made a decision to follow the above steps and be stable in that.